Dentistry focuses on oral and maxillofacial medicine as well as on treatment for and prevention of relevant diseases and injuries. Dentistry education has been developed to meet changes in the prevalence of oral and maxillofacial diseases in the country, without forgetting new treatments.
Dentistry studies lead to dentist’s work and also provide capabilities for scientific and professional postgraduate education. Scientific postgraduate education aims at the Doctor of Dental Science degree, whereas professional postgraduate programmes lead to the Specialist Degree in Dentistry in one of four specialities.
The most common tasks of dentists are:
- filling cavities
- treating oral infections
- orthodontic treatments
- tasks relating to tooth extraction and dentures.
In addition to these corrective measures, dentists prevent oral diseases by means such as guiding clients in home care of teeth. They work in co-operation with dental hygienists.
Dentists work at health centres, hospitals and private dental surgeries. In addition, they are employed in teaching, research and administrative positions.
Programmes leading to the Licentiate of Medicine degree provide students with capabilities to work as physicians and for professional and scientific postgraduate education.
After taking the first degree, graduates may apply to a professional postgraduate programme leading to the Specialist Degree in Medicine and/or to take the Doctor of Medical Science degree on a scientific postgraduate programme.
In addition to traditional work as physicians and specialists, degree-holders may work in teaching and research assignments and other expert assignments in medicine.
Physicians’ workplaces include:
- health centres
- occupational health care services
- private medical clinics.
Physicians diagnose patients’ diseases on the basis of examinations and interviews and decide on treatments. Their work also involves prevention of disease. They often perform health checks, participate in provision of health advice and education and also monitor working conditions in workplaces. In addition, they may have administrative duties, such as management of an institution or a department.
The first years on the Degree Programme in Medicine focus on theoretical studies, which provide students with a knowledge base covering different diseases. The final years of studies emphasise clinical medicine and the skills required for practising medicine. Students complete work placements at teaching hospitals and health centres.